The space ambitions of Russia and China will likely stay front and center for the U.S. military during the administration of President Joe Biden, experts say.

During the presidency of Biden’s predecessor, Donald Trump, U.S. officials repeatedly stressed that Russia and China pose a substantial and growing threat to the United States’ long-held space dominance. In 2019, for example, then-Vice President Mike Pence said that the U.S. is in a space race with those two adversaries, “and the stakes are even higher” today than they were during the 1960s Cold War space race with the Soviet Union.